Employment focused degrees are those that are designed to prepare students for a specific career or industry. These degrees can be a good choice for students who have a clear idea of the type of career they would like to pursue after graduation. As such, degrees in these areas are likely to be in high demand in 2023 and beyond.
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Top 10 Employment focused Degrees
In no particular order, here are a few examples of employment-focused degrees:
- Business Adminsitration
- Computer science and technology
- Healthcare and nursing
- Data analysis and analytics
- Environmental sustainability
- Artificial intelligence and machine learning
- Human resources
- Supply Chain management
- Public Health
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) are rapidly growing fields that are expected to have a significant impact on many industries in the near future. As such, degrees in these areas are likely to be in high demand in 2023 and beyond.
A degree in Artificial Intelligence will typically cover topics such as machine learning, natural language processing, computer vision, and robotics. It will also cover mathematical and computational foundations of AI, and programming in AI development. It typically includes courses on:
- Programming languages such as Python, Java or C++.
- Algorithms and data structures.
- Probability and statistics
- Machine learning.
- Computer vision
- Natural language processing.
- Ethics and philosophy of AI
A degree in Machine learning is a branch of AI, it is focused on the development of algorithms and statistical models that allow computers to improve their performance in certain tasks by learning from data, without being explicitly programmed. Some of the topics covered in a machine learning degree are:
- Data mining
- Data visualization
- Deep learning
- Neural networks
- Computer vision
- Natural Language processing
- Reinforcement learning
Both AI and ML are becoming increasingly important in various fields such as healthcare, finance, retail, transportation, and manufacturing. Graduates with degrees in AI or ML can pursue careers as data scientists, machine learning engineers, AI developers, and research scientists. With the increasing use of technology and automation, the demand for professionals with knowledge in these areas is likely to grow in the coming years.
Engineering degrees are among the most in-demand in the workforce. Engineers can work in many fields such as aerospace, civil, electrical, environmental, and more.
A degree in engineering is a program of study that prepares students for a career in the field of engineering. Engineering is a broad field that encompasses many different disciplines, including mechanical, electrical, civil, computer, and chemical engineering, among others.
Typically, an engineering degree program will include classes in mathematics, science, and engineering fundamentals, as well as specialized coursework in a specific field of engineering. These classes will often include topics such as:
- Calculus and differential equations
- Physics and mechanics
- Materials science and properties
- Circuit analysis and electronics
- Computer-aided design (CAD) and engineering software
- Thermodynamics and heat transfer
- Fluid mechanics
- Statics and dynamics
Many programs also include hands-on experience through lab work and/or internships, which allow students to apply the knowledge and skills they have learned in the classroom to real-world projects and gain practical experience. Some engineering programs also offer a co-op or experiential learning option.
After obtaining an engineering degree, graduates can work in a variety of industries, including manufacturing, construction, energy, transportation, and technology, among others. Engineers often work on teams with other professionals such as architects and construction managers, to design and oversee the construction of buildings, roads, bridges and other infrastructure. Engineers also work in the research and development of new products, testing and improving existing products, and troubleshooting problems with current products. Engineers also make sure that their designs are in compliance with safety, health and environmental regulations.
An engineering degree can open up many different career paths. The specific career path chosen by the individual depends on their area of specialization within the field of engineering and their personal interests. It’s a good idea for students to research and explore the different types of engineering before choosing a program of study to make sure it aligns with their interests and career goals.
Nursing is an in-demand field with good job prospects and high earning potential. Graduates with nursing degrees can work in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, and other healthcare facilities.
A degree in nursing is a great choice for individuals who are interested in the healthcare field and have a desire to work with people to improve their health and well-being. Nurses play a crucial role in the healthcare system by providing patient care, administering medications, and communicating with other healthcare professionals.
Nursing programs are designed to prepare students for the challenges of the nursing profession. They typically include both classroom instruction and clinical experience, which gives students hands-on training and experience working with patients. The curriculum usually covers a wide range of topics, including:
- Anatomy and physiology
- Medical-surgical nursing
- Obstetrics and pediatrics
- Mental health nursing
- Community health nursing
- Leadership and management
- Patient care
- Critical thinking and decision making
- Ethics and legal issues in healthcare
After obtaining a nursing degree, graduates can work as registered nurses (RNs) or licensed practical nurses (LPNs). RNs typically have a more advanced level of education and can perform more complex tasks, while LPNs have a more basic level of education and typically perform more routine tasks.
Nurses can work in a variety of settings such as hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, schools, and even in patients’ homes as home health nurses. Some nurses choose to specialize in certain areas, such as pediatrics, geriatrics, oncology, or critical care.
As healthcare continues to evolve and the population ages, the demand for nurses is projected to increase. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts that employment of registered nurses will grow at a faster-than-average rate of 7% through 2029, making it a great career choice for those interested in healthcare field.
Business degrees are among the most popular and versatile, as they prepare graduates for a wide range of careers in fields such as management, marketing, finance, and human resources.
A typical business administration program will cover a wide range of topics including:
- Accounting and financial management
- Marketing and advertising
- Human resources management
- Operations management
- Business law and ethics
- Economic theory
- Management information systems
- Strategic planning and decision-making
- Business statistics and data analysis
Business Administration graduates can pursue a wide range of career options in different industries such as finance, marketing, human resources, management, and consulting. Some of the popular job roles for business administration graduates are:
- Management consultants
- Human resource managers
- Sales managers
- Financial managers
- Marketing managers
- Operations managers
Business Administration graduates can work in various sectors including private, public, and non-profit organizations. Some of the popular sectors are:
- Banking and finance
- Service industries
Business Administration graduates can also choose to further their education with an MBA or other advanced degrees to increase their chances of reaching higher-level management positions, or to specialize in a specific area of business.
Computer Science and Technology:
Computer Science is a fast-growing and high-demand field. Graduates with computer science degrees can pursue careers in software development, network administration, and data analysis.
A degree in computer science typically covers a wide range of topics including:
- Programming languages such as Java, C++, and Python
- Algorithms and data structures
- Computer architecture and organization
- Database systems
- Software engineering
- Human-computer interaction
- Artificial intelligence and machine learning
- Information theory and coding
With the increasing use of technology in all aspects of life and business, the demand for computer science professionals is expected to continue to grow. Graduates with computer science degrees can pursue careers as software developers, network administrators, data analysts, database administrators, cybersecurity experts and many other roles.
In addition to computer science, degrees in related fields such as information technology, web development, and cybersecurity can also be beneficial for those seeking employment in computer science and technology. These degree programs typically provide students with hands-on experience in developing and deploying software and technology solutions, as well as a deep understanding of the latest technologies and trends in the field.
As technology continues to evolve, it’s important for computer science and technology professionals to stay current with the latest advancements in their field. This can be achieved through continuing education, professional development, and staying informed about the latest trends and technologies.
Data analysis and analytics
A degree in data analysis and analytics is a program of study that focuses on the collection, interpretation, and communication of meaningful insights from data. Graduates of data analysis and analytics programs are equipped with the skills needed to extract insights from data and use them to make informed decisions for businesses and organizations.
A typical data analysis and analytics program will include classes in:
- Data mining and data visualization
- Statistics and probability
- Machine learning and artificial intelligence
- Database management and SQL
- Programming languages such as Python and R
- Business intelligence and decision-making
- Business statistics and data analysis
Some programs may also include electives or specialized coursework in areas such as big data, predictive modeling, or digital marketing.
The field of data analysis and analytics is interdisciplinary and draws on concepts from computer science, statistics, and business. Graduates with a degree in data analysis and analytics can work in a variety of industries, including finance, healthcare, marketing, and technology. Data analysts are in high demand as organizations rely heavily on data for their decision making process, and data analysis and analytics professionals can work in a variety of roles such as data analysts, data scientists, business intelligence analyst, and data engineers among others.
Data analysis and analytics professionals are responsible for extracting insights from data, developing predictive models, and creating data-driven strategies for businesses and organizations. With the increasing availability of data and the growing need for data-driven decision making, the demand for professionals with knowledge in data analysis and analytics is likely to continue to grow.
A degree in environmental sustainability is a program of study that focuses on the use of natural resources in a sustainable way. The goal is to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Graduates of environmental sustainability programs are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to understand the interrelated ecological, social, and economic systems and to find ways to improve the sustainability of these systems.
A typical environmental sustainability program will include classes in:
- Environmental science and ecology
- Climate change
- Energy and resource management
- Sustainable design and planning
- Green building and infrastructure
- Water resource management
- Environmental law and policy
- Environmental economics
- Life cycle assessment
Some programs may also include electives or specialized coursework in areas such as renewable energy, environmental engineering, or sustainable agriculture.
Environmental sustainability is an interdisciplinary field, which draws on concepts from the natural sciences, social sciences, and engineering, and it covers a wide range of issues such as conservation of biodiversity, climate change, waste management, sustainable energy, and environmental governance. Graduates with a degree in environmental sustainability can work in a variety of industries, including government, non-profits, private sector, and consulting. They can work in roles such as sustainability consultants, environmental educators, energy managers, climate change analysts, waste management coordinators and many other roles.
As the world’s population continues to grow and natural resources become more scarce, the importance of environmental sustainability is likely to become even greater. Professionals with knowledge in environmental sustainability will be needed to help create sustainable systems that provide for human needs while preserving the planet’s resources.
Educators are in high demand and an education degree can lead to a career as a teacher, administrator, or curriculum specialist.
A degree in education is a program of study that prepares individuals to become teachers and educators. Education degrees are designed to provide students with the knowledge, skills, and training necessary to be effective educators in a variety of settings, from pre-school through to high school and beyond.
A typical education degree program will include classes in:
- Child development and psychology
- Curriculum design and instruction
- Classroom management and behavior
- Diversity and inclusive education
- Assessment and evaluation
- Educational technology
- Educational policy and administration
- Special education
- Research and instructional methods.
In addition to classroom instruction, education degree programs also often include field experience and/or student teaching opportunities, which provide students with hands-on experience in a real-world classroom setting. These opportunities often occur during the last part of the program of studies.
After obtaining an education degree, graduates can work as teachers in a variety of settings, such as public schools, private schools, charter schools, and alternative education settings. They can also work in roles such as instructional coordinators, curriculum developers, education administrators, instructional coaches, and more.
The field of education is constantly evolving, and teachers are expected to stay current with new teaching methods and technologies, as well as developments in curriculum and education policy. It’s important for educators to continue their professional development throughout their careers, in order to remain effective and effective in their roles. With the demand for qualified teachers increasing as the population grows, and with the ongoing efforts of governments to improve the education system, obtaining an education degree is a stable and meaningful career path.
Accountants are in high demand, and an accounting degree can lead to a career as a certified public accountant (CPA), Chartered Accountant (CA), or a management accountant.
A degree in accounting is a program of study that focuses on the principles and practices of financial accounting and reporting. Graduates of accounting programs are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to prepare, analyze, and interpret financial statements and to provide financial advice to organizations and individuals.
A typical accounting program will include classes in:
- Financial accounting
- Managerial accounting
- Financial statement analysis
- Business law
- Cost accounting
- Governmental and non-profit accounting
Some programs may also include electives or specialized coursework in areas such as forensic accounting, international accounting, or data analysis.
After obtaining an accounting degree, graduates can work in a variety of settings, such as public accounting firms, private companies, government agencies, and non-profit organizations. They can work in roles such as auditors, tax accountants, financial analysts, and cost accountants.
Accounting is a field that is highly regulated, and the accountants are expected to adhere to strict ethical standards, as well as comply with laws and regulations. It’s important for accountants to continue their professional development throughout their careers, in order to stay current with new developments in accounting standards, regulations, and technology.
The field of accounting is essential for every business and organization, as it helps them to manage their finances and make important decisions, and as such, the demand for accountants is projected to remain high in the coming years. Obtaining an accounting degree can open up many different career paths, and it’s a great option for those who enjoy working with numbers and have an aptitude for analysis.
Human resources professionals are responsible for recruiting, hiring, and managing employees. Human Resources degrees can lead to a career as a human resources manager or consultant.
A degree in human resources (HR) is a program of study that focuses on the management of people within organizations. Graduates of human resources programs are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to perform a wide range of HR functions, including staffing, training, compensation, and benefits administration, employee relations, and legal compliance.
A typical human resources program will include classes in:
- Organizational behavior
- Labor relations
- Employment law
- Staffing and recruitment
- Training and development
- Compensation and benefits
- Employee relations
- Diversity and inclusion
- Performance management
Some programs may also include electives or specialized coursework in areas such as talent management, employee engagement, or labor relations.
After obtaining a human resources degree, graduates can work in a variety of industries, such as business, government, and non-profit organizations. They can work in roles such as human resources managers, recruitment coordinators, training and development specialists, compensation analysts, employee relations managers, among other roles.
As organizations continue to place a greater emphasis on human capital management, the demand for professionals with knowledge in human resources is likely to continue to grow. Professionals in human resources play an important role in organizations, as they are responsible for attracting, retaining and motivating top talent, which is vital to organizations success. It’s also important for professionals in human resources to stay current with the latest HR best practices, laws and regulations and technology. They need to be knowledgeable about the latest trends and developments in the field, in order to be effective in their roles.
Public health professionals work to improve the health of communities through research, education, and policy. Graduates with a degree in public health can work in government agencies, non-profits, or the private sector.
A degree in public health is a program of study that focuses on the promotion and protection of the health and well-being of populations. Graduates of public health programs are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to address and prevent public health issues, such as infectious diseases, chronic illnesses, and environmental health hazards, among others.
A typical public health program will include classes in:
- Environmental health
- Health policy and management
- Social and behavioral sciences
- Public health communication and education
- Health systems and administration
- Global health
- Health promotion and disease prevention
Some programs may also include electives or specialized coursework in areas such as maternal and child health, infectious diseases, health disparities, or health informatics.
After obtaining a public health degree, graduates can work in a variety of settings, such as government agencies, non-profit organizations, research institutions, and healthcare organizations. They can work in roles such as public health researchers, health educators, epidemiologists, health policy analysts, or public health administrators, among other roles.
Public health professionals play a vital role in promoting the health and well-being of communities, and are involved in the development, implementation, and evaluation of health policies and programs. As the world continues to face new and emerging health challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of public health professionals is even more evident. The field of public health is expected to continue to grow and evolve, providing ample opportunities for professionals with a passion for improving health and preventing disease.
Supply Chain Management:
Supply chain management degrees prepare graduates for a career in logistics, procurement, and operations management.
A degree in supply chain management is a program of study that focuses on the management of all activities involved in the flow of goods, services, and information from the point of origin to the point of consumption. Graduates of supply chain management programs are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of the supply chain, and to manage the flow of goods and services to meet customer needs.
A typical supply chain management program will include classes in:
- Logistics and transportation
- Operations management
- Inventory management
- Purchasing and procurement
- Lean Six Sigma
- International trade
- Supply chain strategy
- Supply chain information systems
- Global sourcing
Some programs may also include electives or specialized coursework in areas such as sustainability, supply chain risk management, or digital supply chain management.
After obtaining a supply chain management degree, graduates can work in a variety of industries, such as manufacturing, retail, healthcare, and logistics, among others. They can work in roles such as supply chain analysts, logistics managers, purchasing managers, production planners, and inventory managers, among other roles.
Supply chain management is essential for organizations across various industries, as it allows them to control costs, improve efficiency, and enhance customer satisfaction. As global trade and e-commerce continue to grow, the demand for supply chain professionals is likely to continue to grow as well. Professionals in supply chain management play a vital role in ensuring that the right products and services are delivered to customers at the right time and at the right cost, it is vital that they stay current with the latest trends, technologies, and best practices in the field.
Cybersecurity is an in-demand field with good job prospects, graduates with degrees in Cybersecurity can find employment as security analyst, security engineer, and security architect among others.
A degree in cyber security is a program of study that focuses on the protection of computer systems, networks, and data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. Graduates of cyber security programs are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to identify and mitigate threats to digital information and infrastructure, and to develop strategies for protecting against cyber attacks.
A typical cyber security program will include classes in:
- Network security
- Security compliance and standards
- Risk management
- Penetration testing and ethical hacking
- Incident response and forensic analysis
- Cloud security
- Cybercrime and cyberlaw
- Identity and access management
Some programs may also include electives or specialized coursework in areas such as IoT security, malware analysis, or mobile device security.
After obtaining a cyber security degree, graduates can work in a variety of settings, such as government agencies, private companies, and non-profit organizations. They can work in roles such as security analysts, incident responders, penetration testers, network administrators, and compliance managers, among other roles.
Cybersecurity is an essential field in today’s increasingly digital world, as more and more personal and business activities are conducted online. Organizations and individuals rely on digital technologies, which makes them vulnerable to cyber attacks, therefore the need for professionals who can protect against these threats, is becoming more and more important. Cybersecurity professionals play a vital role in protecting an organization’s information, systems and digital assets, as well as protect personal information of people. It’s important for cybersecurity professionals to stay current with the latest security technologies, methodologies and threats, to be able to prevent, detect and respond to cyber-attacks.
As the job market and economy are constantly evolving, it’s important to research and stay informed about which fields are growing and have a good prospect of employment. Additionally, it’s important to choose a degree program that aligns with your interests and career goals, as well as to consider opportunities for internships, co-op, and part-time work during studies to gain experience and build a professional network.